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Planting several acres of land by hand can be tedious and it could go on for several days. This increases the cost of labor for the farmer. In the normal planting system, first, farmers till the land, probably twice, before employing workers, especially females to sow the seeds manually.

Mechanized planter, does it differently and easily, using a tractor that saves a great deal. The farmer who bought the planter two years ago, attaches the single row planter onto the tractor that sows cassava cuttings in a row throughout the fields. It can plant at least six acres a day. “The newest New Holland tractor TT490 has been tailor-made for farmers in eastern Uganda and comes at the cheapest price. It accommodates other utilities used for irrigation, planting, slashing and spraying pesticides and applying fertilizers, making it a must have all-in-one machine,”

Advantages
the beauty about the mechanized cassava planter is that it allows an adjustable distance between the planting rows from 85 to 95 centimeters, which ensures high yields. The agronomist adds that between plants in the row, the mechanized cassava planter is also adjustable between 40 and 100 centimeters.

the machine operates through a hydraulic lifting system, with an automatic cutting of stakes at five centimeters each stake, from the cassava stem. “For each day, this mechanized planter can plant five to seven hectares, with the very thinnest labor demand of two people plus tractor driver,” Farmers can contribute in a group and buy the planter. “We advise farmers to jointly acquire these tractors”.

Yields
Under good management, yields planted using mechanization give an average harvest of 15 to 20 tons of cassava per hectare from improved cassava varieties of Narocas one and two, varieties released in 2015.
the mechanized cassava planter is up for hire by agroking Uganda limited very soon, “ people are very excited about technology. This tractor will help farmers increase production of cassava on their farms,”

advertisement technological trends in agriculture have improved over the years. These have not only evolved from tractors used in ploughing, planting fields but it also crossed over to post-harvest handling.
One of the old methods of processing maize flour with its husks is not something farmers and processors are practicing in Uganda today. Consumers of maize flour prefer refined first-class flour and the same applies to people engaged in rice process. For this to be successful, processors are now privileged to use a motorized grain huller, which is used to clean the grain in order to make a white sparkling flour in the case of maize flour and grain for the case of rice.

 

Farmers and grain processors can purchase the cereal grain hullers from most farm machinery suppliers around Kampala and other major towns. the machine can be used by farmers engaged in processing maize, as well as agro food processors.

Components
The cereal grain huller is comprised of a motor frame, starter and an isolator. There is an inlet for pouring the maize and rice grain. Once the grain is hulled, there is an outlet, which enables release of a clean grain to a container attached.

Operations
The tool uses an induction power mortar which is used for powering the machine. There are surveyor belts which keep rolling to ensure the machine runs at the required speed to allow smooth hulling process. The machine is comprised of diesel engine, meaning it is powered using diesel oil.
It has the capability of shelling one ton of grain per hour. Shelling saves a lot of labor in comparison to traditional systems.

Very useful
The motorized huller has its advantages in that there is no need of electric power to enable operations. This means processors in rural areas where there is no electricity are privileged to use it.
The weight of the machine is about 600-700kg while shelling efficiency is about 100 per cent and broken grains are maximum up to two per cent.
There is assurance of clean and quality grain processing, leading to quality flour for the case of maize flour and clean rice grain.
A flour bag of 100kgs can be hulled within five minutes making it a useful farm tool.
It saves labor since it takes one person to operate it, thus cutting farm costs.

 

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